All about Lab Testing
There are many diseases in the world and most of them needs to have tests done in order to make sure that the disease is tested and known so as to get the proper medication and these tests are done in a medical laboratory which is where the tests are done by an expert who takes specimens to get more information about a patient’s health depending on what the diagnosis and this makes it possible to treat or prevent the disease.
The tests of checking the person’s disease is usually focused on applied science and is opposed to what research laboratories is all about and mainly focuses on science basic and academic issues and this field is based on several sections which are anatomic and this includes electron microscopy, cytopathology, and histopathology and each of are usually studied differently but as one course.
Other courses include pathophysiology, pathology, histology, physical, and anatomy and the clinical pathology includes mycology, immunology, parasitology, virology, and bacteriology and other fields are endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology.
There are two submissions which include the blood bank and the coagulation and the other field is the genetics which involves the studying of the cytogenetic and the other important field is the reproductive biology which involves assisted productive technology, sperm bank and semen analysis.
Laboratories varies in different institutions and for example in the field of microbiology various health centres use a single laboratory for doing microbiology and in others there are separate units for each kind of test and the laboratory equipment for doing haematology tests and the urinalysis is usually in all the laboratories.
Each unit of the laboratory has microbiology, parasitology, virology, haematology, coagulation, clinical biochemist, toxicology, serology and immunology, immunohematology, urinalysis, histopathology, cytopathology, electron microscopy, genetics, cytogenetic and surgical pathology.
Microbiology comprises of synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, faeces and swabs and any imaginable infected tissues and the method they use is cultures where by the suspected pathogens if they are found may be identified by using the tests which are biochemical.
Samples of faeces and parasites are examined to get evidence of any existing intestinal parasites which include hookworms and tapeworms and there is virology which is a field that identifies the viruses in diverse viruses which include cerebrospinal fluid urine and blood.
Clinical biochemistry normally receive plasma or serum and tests are done to check the serum of any chemicals that are present in the blood and this may include diverse elements such as hormones, enzymes, blood sugar and lipids while toxicology are teats of recreational drugs and pharmaceuticals where tests will be done by using blood and urine as the samples.